KRATON, The King of Yogyakarta Palace


Located in the center of the main axis runs north to south, and the secondary axis from east to west. Surrounded by mountains called the horizon as the edge of the universe.

It lies between the northern boundary and the monument as a backdrop Krapyak the southern border between Code River in the east and west of the river Winongo. Between Mount Merapi and the Southern Ocean, the Palace in the spirit of the Java company, defined as the center of the world described as the center of the universe.
History Kraton

After Giyanti treaty, Prince Mangkubumi given region of Yogyakarta. To run his government, Prince Mangkubumi build a palace in 1755 Bering in the forest. This land is considered very good because flanked by two rivers that protect it from possible flooding. The first king in the sultanate of Yogyakarta is the title of Prince Lane Mangkubumi I (HB I).
Naming and sense of design

Palace, the palace or Kraton, the word ka-queen, which means a place to live the queen / king. broadest sense, is simply described, that all structures and buildings in the Kraton area have significant meaning related to the basic philosophy of Java’s life, namely Paraning Sangkan Dumadi (when it comes to the where man and finally human beings after death).

Regimes in the region of Kraton extends 5 km south Krapyak and 2 km to the north end of the monument. In this line there is a linear line reversed dualism, so that could be read symbolically philosophical. From south to north, as the birth of human beings from the top to the mortal nature, and vice versa, the man returns to the side Dumadi (God, for Java). Meanwhile, a physicist with the king’s palace as a symbol of true soul enters the physical body.

Tugu Palace also be interpreted as a lifestyle full of temptations. Beringharjo market symbolizes women temptation. While the temptation for power is symbolized by the House Kepatihan. Both are right. Straight same manner as the first symbol of man with the Creator (impressive Dumadi Paraning).

In short, symbolic monument Linga (male) and Krapyak as Yoni (female). And the Palace and the physical origin of the two.
Kraton sense of space

Affected by the earthquake in 1867, the Palace was seriously damaged. At the time of HB VII in 1889, the building is renovated. Lay always maintained, but the shape of the building has changed and is now

Ward and Ward Memorial Tangkil Manguntur Kencana (where the king’s throne), located in a straight line, then, when the Sultan seated on his throne and looking toward the Tugu, then he will always remember the people (Gusti questions manunggaling) .

Kraton Kraton same order as the dynasty of Mataram in general. Kencana neighborhood that became the king’s reign, with Ward Prabayeksa as a place to store weapons Heritage Hall (in this room there are lamp Wiji Kyai oil, which is always monitored to prevent cutting of courtiers), serves as a center. The room is covered by the Kedhaton court to reach the center, go through a page that looks like a series of layers Bewa (waves) above the ocean.

Special arrangements of the palace is very similar to the constellation of mountains and plains dwipa Marañón, considered a continent from the center of the universe.

From north to south of the palace there are successive North Plaza, North Hinggil Siti, North Kemandhungan Srimanganti, Kedhaton, Kemagangan South Kemandhungan Siti Hinggil South and South Plaza (the height of the wall of the courtyard at the shelter).

While the door to go to get to each instead of nine, called Regola. Thence north door pangurukan, Tarubi brajanala great, srimanganti, kemagangan, gadhung MLAT, kemandhungan and ivory.

Brongtodiningrat looked at these numbers is important because the largest number that describes perfectly. This corresponds to nine holes in human beings, commonly called hawa sanga Babah.

The sacredness of each Palace building is indicated by the frequency and intensity of the sultan in place.

Plaza, Exhibition, and Hinggil Siti, instead of the Sultan comes only three times a year, during the events of Pisowan Ageng Maulud Grebeg, Sawala and Besar. And unexpected opportunities for a very specific example where the coronation of the Emperor and the Prince or Princess Coronation Crown Duke Anom.

Sultan’s Palace is an old building that was damaged once restored. It appears that other buildings Kingdom. But if you look at the palace of the Sultan, who is the finest and largest in a symbolic sense, a philosophy of life, human nature, how nature and humans live their lives and various symbols of the existence of life in them. (YogYES.COM)

Author: R. Shah
Photos and Art: Sutrisno
Copyright 2006 © YogYES.COM

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