Borobudur Temple – The Biggest Buddhist Temple in the 9th Century


Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the ninth century measuring 123 x 123 meters. Borobudur was completed centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia.

Borobudur, the largest Buddhist temple in the ninth century

Who does not know Borobudur? This Buddhist temple has 1460 relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in the complex. Millions of people want to visit the buildings included in this wonder of the world heritage. Unsurprisingly, the architecture and function as a place of worship, Borobudur is the heart of appeal.

Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of the kings of Mataram Old Kingdom, the descendant of the dynasty dynasty. Kayumwungan registration based on an Indonesian named Hudai Kandahjaya revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship was completed May 26 824, nearly a hundred years of construction time. The name of Borobudur, as some media of a mountain with terraces (Buddhas), while the other says that Borobudur means monastery on top.

the temple of Borobudur in shape with Pund right consists of 10 levels. Height 42 meters before it was renovated and 34.5 meters after the renovation because the lowest level is used as ballast. Six lowest level of a square and three levels above of a circle and one of the highest levels of Western Buddhist stupa. Each level represents the stages of human life. According madhhabs Mahayana Buddhism, each person who wants to reach the level that the Buddha had through all levels of life.

The base of Borobudur, called Kamadhatu, symbolizing the human beings who are still bound by lust. The four levels referred Rupadhatu symbolizes the man who had become free from lust, but still bound manner and form. On this terrace, Buddha effigies are placed in an open space. Meanwhile, three levels above where the Buddhist stupas are placed in holes called Arupadhatu, which symbolizes the man who has been free from lust, appearance and form. The summit is called Arupa symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha resides.

Each terrace is beautiful with raised panel skillfully. Emergency systematically read when you walk clockwise (to the left of the entrance of the temple). The relief panels tell the legendary story of Ramayana. In addition, there are relief panels describing the condition of the corporation at that time. For example, the reduction of the activity of farmers reflects the progress of the agriculture system and relief of sailing boat representing the advance of the trip which was based on Bergotto (Semarang).

All relief panels in Borobudur temple reflect the teachings of Buddha. Therefore, this temple that the functions of media education for people who want to learn Buddhism. Yogya invites you to surround each of the narrow streets of Borobudur to understand the philosophy of Buddhism. Atisha, a Buddhist from India in the 10th century, had visited the temple which was built three centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia and four centuries before the great cathedrals of Europe.

Thank you for visiting Borobudur and armed with a dash of Serlingpa Buddhism (one of the king of the kingdom of Sriwijaya), Atisha was able to develop Buddhism. The monastery became head Vikramasila and taught Tibetans of practicing Dharma. Six manuscripts Serlingpa condensed in a core course called “The Light of the path to enlightenment” or more known Bodhipathapradipa.

One of the unanswered questions about Borobudur is like the state of the whole temple was built and why the temple was found buried in the state. Some say that Borobudur was surrounded by a swamp, and then buried by the eruption of Merapi. Kolkata is essentially the inscription reads “Amawi” means sea of milk. The word is interpreted as the lava of Merapi. Others said that Borobudur was buried by cold lava of Merapi.

With all the grandeur and mystery that is natural that many people around the world have penjru Borobudur as a place to visit in your life. Besides enjoying the temple, you can walk around the villages around Borobudur, as Karanganyar Wanurejo and to see the activities of local handicrafts. You can also go up Kendil Watu to see a panoramic view from the top of Borobudur. Why wait? No need to worry about an earthquake on May 27, 2006, because of Borobudur is not affected at all.

Writer: Yunanto Wiji Utomo

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